Crimes and nuisance as the specific goal
Your landlord is only allowed to place camera’s when they are placed for a specific purpose, namely the prevention, determination or detection of crimes or nuisance or to maintain public order. Only for this purpose he is allowed to collect, process or save camera images. This law on the use of camera’s by a landlord also states that images made by a security camera may by no means violate a person’s intimacy nor be used to gain information about the philosophical, religious or political interest, union affiliation, ethnical or social origin, the sexual life or health condition of a person.
Mandatory registration and notification
The landlord has to registrate his security camera’s via the online tool www.aangiftecamera.be before using them. This registration has to be confirmed each year. Besides, he has to keep a register of his image processing activities. This register is on request by the data protection authority to check if the rules concerning privacy were followed.
The landlord also has to indicate the use of a camera by hanging up a specific sign at the entrance of the building. This because the filming of people without their previous consent is forbidden. When entering a building with this sign in the front, you give your silent consent to be filmed. Under the sign, personal information of the person in charge of the processing of the images such as name, address and e-mail have to be mentioned.
Further obligations for the landlord
When the landlord doesn’t respect the rules, he will be fined. When someone gets filmed illegally, he can bring legal action against the owner of the camera and claim compensation for violation of his privacy.